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Speakers at the Second European Mars
Geoffrey Briggs received
his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Durham, England. He worked at
the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California as a science investigator
on the Mariner 9, Viking Orbiter and Voyager imaging teams.
From 1977 to 1990, he worked at NASA Headquarters
in Washington, DC, first as deputy director and then as director of NASA's
Solar System Exploration Division. This period included the launch of the
Pioneer Venus missions, the Pioneer 11 encounter with Saturn, the Voyager
launch and encounters with Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, the start
of the Mars Observer and Cassini missions and the launch of Galileo, Ulysses
He is currently the scientific director of the
NASA Ames' Center for Mars Exploration, which was formed in 1992.
Sam Burbank is a film maker and writer based
in San Francisco, California. His work, focusing on ecology, science, and
space exploration, has allowed him to travel the world. His clients include
National Geographic, Discovery Channel, and PBS, and he is the founder of
Inverse Square Films.. Sam, following Frank Schubert, conducted the first-ever
Mars analog EVA from the Mars Arctic Research Station on Devon Island, Nunavut,
Sam studied creative writing at SFSU, during which
time he co-founded a championship motorcycle roadracing team. He is an advanced
SCUBA diver, a snowboarder (with the broken ribs to prove it), and he loves
to cook. Soon after marrying, he and wife Linda rode a motorcycle to the
arctic circle. He is a founding member of the pop band The Birdwatchers,
though he is currently on loan to the Mars-hab band, The Extremophiles.
Agustin Chicarro is science officer for
Mars Express, ESA's Mars mission for 2003. As Project Scientist, Agustin
Chicarro monitors the design and development of the scientific instruments
that will fly on Mars Express. His job involves not only making sure that
work is progressing on schedule, but also that the scientific return of each
instrument will fulfil its scientific objectives.
Chicarro's personal route to Mars began in Madrid,
Spain where he was born on 23 July 1956. After studying biology, chemistry
and geology at undergraduate level, he went on to a masters degree in geology,
followed by PhD in "compressive tectonics of Mars" at the University of Paris
in Orsay. He then spent three years at the Lunar and Planetary Institute
in Houston, Texas, where he conducted research on the geology of Mars, the
Moon and Mercury. After continuing research in Madrid and teaching at
universities in Taipei, Taiwan for three more years, he joined ESTEC in 1988
where he studied proposals for future missions to Mars and the Moon before
becoming Mars Express Project Scientist.
Chicarro's hobbies are reading, photography and
travel. He speaks English, French and Spanish fluently and has a smattering
of Russian, Japanese and Dutch.
is Chief Scientist, Human-centered Computing at NASA Ames Research Center.
Previously, he was at the Institute for Research on Learning in Menlo Park,
CA from its founding in 1988 until 1997.
Clancey received a BA in Mathematical Sciences
(BA) from Rice University in 1974 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science at Stanford
University in 1979.
He has published five books, including: Knowledge-Based
Tutoring (1987), Contemplating Minds: A Forum for Artificial Intelligence
(1994, with S. Smoliar and M. Stefik), and Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge
and Computer Representations (1997). He has presented tutorials and keynote
addresses in eighteen countries.
Clancey was crew member at FMARS on Devon Island
and also at MDRS in Utah, where he was commander of crew 5.
Sir Arthur C. Clarke is
one of the most influential sciencefiction writers of the twentieth century.
Known by a large audience primarily because of his script for Stanley Kubricks
"2001, a Space Oddyssey", his list of novels, short stories and non-fiction
is much longer. Among his most famous books are "Songs of Distant Earth",
"Childhood's End", "The City and the Stars" and "The Sands of
Clarke is widely recognized as the true inventor
of the communications satellite and wrote about solar sailing as early as
Sir Arthur has always shown a big interest in Mars;
not only did he use the planet as setting for novels and short stories, he
also set to terraforming the planet with VistaPro software, in his book "A
garden on Mars". He recently spend a lot of time studying photographs by
Mars Global Surveyor.
Frans von der Dunk
is Co-Director of the International Institute of Air and Space Law
at Leiden University (since 1990), and has been Assistant Professor in Public
International Law since 1987. He defended his dissertation on "Private Enterprise
and Public Interest in the European 'Spacescape'" in 1998, has written over
60 articles and papers, and has given over 60 presentations and guest lectures
on subjects of international space law, international air law and+ public
international law around the world.
Dr. von der Dunk has served as adviser to the Dutch
Government, the European Commission, the European Space Agency (ESA), the
United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD) and the German Space Agency on a number of issues related to space
activities (space policy, privatisation of space activities, GNSS, satellite
communications, radio astronomy, earth observation).
Dr. von der Dunk is Director and Treasurer of the
International Institute of Space Law (IISL), Member of the Board of the European
Centre for Space Law (ECSL), and Alternate Member for the Netherlands in
the International Law Association's (ILA) Committee on Space Law. Further
memberships include: International Academy of Astronautics (IAA; Corresponding
Member), International Bar Association's (IBA) Section on Business Law and
Committee Z on Outer Space Law (Publications Officer), American Institute
of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA; Senior Member), and Centro de
Investigacion y Difusion Aeronautico-Espacial (CIDA-E; Corresponding
was born in Vienna, Austria, where she studied both astronomy and biology.
After graduation in 1988 she went to France where she worked at the University
Paris VII and for CNES, the French space agency. She has worked at Leiden
Observatory since 1994. With substantial funding from the Dutch government
she has build up in 2001 an Astrobiology laboratory at the Leiden Institute
of Chemistry. The main focus of this laboratory is to study extraterrestrial
samples, chemical pathways on Solar System bodies and prebiotic
chemistry. Ehrenfreund did research on the stability
and evolution of organic molecules on the Martian surface and their implications
for extinct and extant life on Mars. Other research topics include interstellar
chemistry, interstellar and solar system ices and organic molecules in comets
and meteorites. In 2001 she received the Pastoor Schmeitsprijs for her pioneering
research in astrobiology. She is the proud "owner" of a piece of interplanetary
real estate: asteroid 9286 Ehrenfreund.
Friedman has been involved with space programs for almost 40
years. From 1970 to 1980 he worked on deep space missions at the Jet Propulsion
Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. Among the projects he has worked
on are: navigation systems analysis for Mariner-Venus-Mercury and for the
Grand Tour, and mission design studies for the Venus Orbital Imaging Radar,
Halley Comet Rendezvous-Solar Sail, and the Mars Program. He was the leader
of the latter three programs, as well as the manager of Advanced Planetary
Studies at JPL. Dr. Friedman is the author of more than 20 papers on Navigation,
Mission Analysis and Design, and Mission Planning.
In 1980, together with Carl Sagan and Bruce Murray,
he founded the Planetary Society, a non-profit, popular society for enhancing
the exploration of the planets and the search for extraterrestrial life.
The Planetary Society is now the largest space interest organization in the
world. Dr. Friedman is the author of Starsailing: Solar Sails and Interstellar
Travel. While at The Planetary Society, Dr. Friedman has worked on the proposal
for human exploration of Mars and published several papers on this subject.
He has also been part of the technical team working on the Mars Balloon.
Dr. Friedman frequently lectures about planetary missions and space exploration
studied planetary geology at Middlebury College (Vermont) and the University
of Arizona. His areas of expertise are Martian geology, volcanism, and impact
cratering. Now a writer and lecturer in Paris, he has authored science books
in both French and English, including Volcanoes of the Solar System (1996)
and The End of the Dinosaurs: Chicxulub Crater and Mass Extinctions (1999)
at Cambridge University Press. Mr. Frankel was crew geologist on board the
Mars Society's Arctic Research Station (F-MARS, Devon Island) during the
summer of 2001. During the fall of 2002, he will command a similar mission
in the Society's Mars Desert Research Station in Utah.
Giorgio Gaviraghi graduated in Architecture
at Milan Polytechnic in 1968 and did post graduate management courses
at NYU in 1982. He was associated with aerospace and airport projects as
designer and project manager (wide body final assembly plant, military and
commercial aircraft overhauling facility, several airports ) for major world
companies as well as advanced industrial design projects in several countries.
He founded Pianeta Marte, an organization whose main goal is to propose
innovative designs to the world industry. Currently more than one thousand
innovative proposals, including a few truly revolutionary concepts,
are in the pipeline. Among those are pAstroHut, an extraterrestrial construction
system for the assembly of space stations in other bodies utilising local
materials as well as several new concepts of space development such as the
deflected asteroid as cycler for affordable Moon or Mars missions. Gaviraghi
presented several papers at major aerospace conventions and is currently
working in two books, Space development and Designing the future,
that include most of the new theories. He's also the author of a science
fiction book, First Contact.
Inge Loes ten
Kate studied Aerospace Engineering at Delft University of Technology,
The Netherlands, from 1993 till 1999 and fulfilled an internship at Arianespace
in 1998. In 1999 she made her thesis project on aerocapture around Mars,
at the University of California, Irvine. In 2000 and 2001 she worked on
GalileoSat at the Dutch National Aerospace Laboratory NLR. Since 2001 she
works on her PHD research on complex organics on Mars at the University of
Leiden. Ten Kate is also one of the founding members of the Dutch chapter
of the Lunar Explorers Society.
received a Medical Doctor's degree from the University of Amsterdam
in 1987. During his medical studies, Kuipers worked in the Vestibular Department
of the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, where he was
involved in research on the equilibrium system.
Since 1991, he has been involved in the preparation,
coordination, baseline data collection and ground control of physiological
experiments developed by ESA for space missions.
In July 1999, Kuipers joined the European Astronaut
Corps based at the European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany. He is scheduled
to spend some time in the International Space Station somewhere in the next
Kuijpers is a business consultant who deals primarily with projects
for change and improvement in organisations. His expertise stretches from
financial and business organisation and ICT to people's skills. As an
internationally certified trainer of Neuro-Linguistic Programming and a Master
Hypnotherapist he has allways been fascinated by the vast potential of the
mind and the many different aspects of motivation. His great passion for
the quest that lies ahead makes that Gerard is constantly searching for new
ways to get people interested and motivated.
holds a position as staff Mission Analyst with the European Space Agency
and is President of the German Chapter of the Mars Society. He graduated
in high energy physics and obtained his PhD in astrophysics from the
Max-Planck-Institute for nuclear physics in Heidelberg. He also carries a
private pilot license including an instrument rating issued by the US Federal
Aviation Association. In his science carrier Markus completed two postdoc
projects in the field of cosmic dust research, the first of which was a follow-up
research at the Max-Planck-Institue in Heidelberg and the second a one-year
fellowship with the National Research Council at the Johnson Space Centre
of NASA in Houston. In the summer of 2002 Markus spend three weeks at Devon
Island as crew member of FMARS.
Pascal Lee is a planetary scientist at the SETI
Institute in Mountain View, CA, and the Principal Investigator of the NASA
Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) at NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field,
Pascal was born in Hong Kong in 1964, grew up in
France, and came to the United States in 1989. He holds an Ingénieur
degree (ME) in Engineering Geology and Geophysics from the University of
Paris (1987), a MS in Astronomy and Space Sciences from Cornell University
(1993) and a Ph.D. in Astronomy and Space Sciences from Cornell (1997).
Pascal's research interests focus on Mars, asteroids
and impact craters. He is particularly interested in the geologic history
of Mars, the history of water on that planet, and the geologic and physical
conditions allowing life to arise and evolve on planets. He often visits
the Earth's polar regions and deserts for Mars analog studies. In 1988 he
wintered over in Antarctica for 14 months at Dumont d'Urville Station as
station geophysicist. In 1995-96 he was a field team member on the US Antarctic
Search for Meteorites (ANSMET) Program. In 1998 and 1999 he was field scientist
for the NASA / Carnegie Mellon University Robotic Antarctic Search for Meteorites
In 1997, while a National Research Council postdoctoral
Research Associate at NASA Ames Research Center, Pascal Lee initiated the
NASA Haughton-Mars Project, an international multidisciplinary field research
program focused on the Haughton impact crater site and surroundings, Devon
Island, Nunavut, Arctic Canada, viewed as a Mars analog. The HMP investigates
possible parallels between the Earth and Mars, in particular in geology and
astrobiology, and conducts field studies of the technologies, hardware designs,
strategies and human factors relevant to the future exploration of Mars by
robots and humans.Pascal Lee has led all HMP expeditions to date.
Pascal is also a founding member of the Mars Society,
and a thriving force behind the Society's program of Mars Analog Research
Volker Mang is an analyst of utilisation requirements
for European Space System provider Astrium. He mediates between user community
and the engineers' world of space systems.
Dr. Mang studied Chemistry & Microbiology.
After an initial study for DLR concerning the commercial aspects of a
bioprocessing downstream technique, he joined the space industry. He initiated,
developed and operated several sounding rocket experiments and was involved
in numerous space system studies. In an intermediate period, he worked on
the restoration of former military sites. Since 2000 his focus is the
identification of the utilisation aspects of Mars exploration and the
possibilities to extend the promotion for Mars missions in Germany.
He is member of the German Chapter of the Mars
Society and leads the build-up in the Bremen region. Special focuses are
the Bremen Events in 2003 in preparation and accompaniment of the European
Bo Maxwell is
president of the Mars Society UK. He co-owns a small Scottish-based business
consultancy firm and works as a freelance consultant in the IT industry.
He has been responsible for the set-up and commissioning of some of the largest
data centres in Europe (catering for up to 50,000 servers). He has been lecturing
in space exploration for some 15 years, and is a former member of the British
Interplanetary Society. As a member of the Management Team he has overseen
key aspects of Euro-MARS project management and development, including serving
on the Design Team and Scouting Mission Team.
Franco Ongaro is coordinator
of the Advanced Studies and Concepts Office of the European Space Agency.
After studying electrical engineering aeronautics in his hometown Milano,
Italy, he started working for ESA in 1987. He worked at the European Space
Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands for
six years and in 1994 went to Paris to to join the ESA Directorate of Strategy
and Technical Assessment.
In 1991 Ongaro was selected by the Italian Space
Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European
Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection.
Vladimir Pletzer is Senior Physicist / Engineer
at ESA/Estec in Noordwijk, The Netherlands, where he has been working since
1985. As ESA's Parabolic Flight Project Manager, he made over 3000 parabolic
flights, with a total of 16 hours of weightlessness. He was involved in hundreds
of scientific experiments in biomedical and materials research. In 1991 he
was selected candidate astronaut for Belgium and in 1995 he was selected
as payload specialist on a shuttleflight for NASA's Life and Microgravity
Spacelab. In 2002 Vladimir Pletzer was crew member of Mars Desert Research
Station where he conducted an experiment with the growth of plants and herbs
and it's effect of the crew's well-being.
received a Ph.D. in computer science from the Institut National
Polytechnique de Grenoble, France, in 1994. He is now Associate Professor
at the University of Bordeaux, France, and is doing research in the Laboratory
of Cognitive Science. He has been working in computer vision and pattern
recognition for 10 years with application in robotic vision, biomedical image
processing and remote sensing. He is also interested in the human exploration
of Mars. He graduated with the Master of Space Studies from the International
Space University in July 2002 and is currently leading the Marsbase project
which aims at developing a game showing the first stages of the construction
of manned bases on Mars.
Schubert 's first career was in music as guitar player in rockband
Devo. After saying goodbye to the Californian music scene he went to Colorado
for something completely different: architecture. When in the summer of 2000
things seemed to go terribly wrong with the construction of the Flashline
Mars Arctic Research Station on Devon Island, he came to the rescue of the
project. As leader of a diverse crew consisting of Inuit, journalists and
Mars Society members he managed to overcome the loss of the floor panels
and a crane. Schubert is project manager of the Society's second habitat,
the Mars Desert Research Station in Utah, which was completed in early 2002.
Recently he worked together with a team of architects from several European
countries on the interior design for the European Mars Analogue Research
Smolders is one of the Netherlands foremost space journalists
and has been for a very long time. Even before the launch of Sputnik in 1957,
he launched his own small rockets. In 1958 he published his first newspaper
article and thousands of articles have been published since then in national
and international media. He wrote 45 books about spaceflight and space
exploration and made dozens of documentaries for both Dutch and German
television. For almost 15 years he was manager of the Artis Planetarium in
Amsterdam. He was the first journalist in the western world to write a book
about Russian spaceflight, which was published in both Dutch and English.
Smolders, who speaks Russian, visited the Soviet Union, and later Russia,
more than one hundred times. He was awarded the Gagarin- and Glushko-medals.
He is a member of the Russian Space Academy, fellow to the British Interplanetary
Society and honourable member of the Dutch Space Society
has been active within public space popularization all his life.
His main interest and expertise lies in the Social and Cultural field. He
also works to visualize the fundamental naturalness of Life's expansion in
the universe, and promotes the use of international space cooperation as
a tool in peace education.
In the 80's, Starlife co-founded Sweden's first
space advocacy group and represented The Planetary Society and other
internationally active groups. Often described as an Agent of Change, he
has been featured in numerous articles and interviews in the media. In 2000,
he attended the Millennium Forum conference at the United Nations headquarters
as the only delegate from the space community.
Today, Hans Starlife is the Coordinator of the
Cosmica Network, an international alliance of visionary people working for
a broader, cultural and interdisciplinary space agenda. He also co-owns an
international trading & marketing business, considers himself a true
World Citizen, and enjoys art, botanic gardens and other cultures.
has, in recent years, become the Netherlands' national space-artist.
He uses Terragen rendering software and Mars Global Surveyor's MOLA data
to create stunning images of past and present Mars. Encouraged by the recent
discoveries of waterice or even liquid water he visualized a Red Planet on
which large area's are covered with water and mud. His work has been published
by national and international media such as De Volkskrant, Science, Courrier
International, Bild der Wissenschaft and Space.com. Many of his images can
be admired at his website
Jim Volp graduated in Infrared
Astronomy at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands in 2001. He then
persued the Masters of Space Programme at the International Space University.
He choose the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston for his internship
where he studied a region on the Moon known as Central Oceanus Procellarum
using multispectral data from the Clementine spacecraft under the guidance
of Dr. Paul Spudis. Jim is currently working for the European Space Agency
as a Young Graduate Trainee on the SMART-1 satellite that will be launched
to the Moon in 2003. Jim is a very active person. He is the driving force
behind the Lunar Explorers Society and the Space Generation Advisory Council
(SGAC) in support of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications.
He also is involved with the European Alumni Association of ISU (EAA), Yuri's
Night (global celebration of human achievements in space) and is one of the
webmasters of the Nederlandse Vereniging voor Ruimtevaart (NVR).
|Artemis Westenberg studied Ancient History
and Islam at Leiden University. After obtaining a general management degree
from the Dutch Entrepreneurial Society she worked in PR & Communications
for various multinationals before dividing her time between her daughters
and the presidency of the Rotterdam's Women Council. Since then she worked
freelance as a lobbyist and pr-consultant, in which capacity she joined the
Dutch chapter of the Mars Society in 2000. Being a lover of the deserts of
Earth, the icy, red deserts of Mars attracted her from the start. She strongly
believes that humanity should try it's hand at a new society on the Red Planet.
Over the last few months she's put so much time and effort into the Convention's
organization that it's fair to say that there might not have been an EMC2
Arno Wielders has been
fascinated by the Universe, and especially manned spaceflight, since
his childhood. when one night he stayed up till dawn to see the Giotto-probe
encounter Halley's comet. Besides that he's always had two other passions,
castles and football and he still enjoys playing indoor soccer. Nevertheless
he chose a career in science as he went to Amsterdam's Free University to
study physics. After graduation he worked for Leiden University and Fokker
Space to work on the Very Large Telescope, a project that uses multiple
telescopes to obtain a very high resolution signal. Since 2000 Arno works
at TNO-TPD in Delft on space projects like the Ozone Monitoring Instrument
OMI. In november 1999 Arno co-founded the Dutch chapter of the Mars Society
and he's been it's chairman ever since.
Robert Zubrin is founder
and inspirator of the Mars Society. In 1998 he initiated the founding of
the Society to further the exploration and settlement of Mars by both public
and private means.
Dr. Zubrin was employed in areas of thermonuclear
fusion research, nuclear engineering and radiation protection before turning
Formerly a Staff Engineer at Lockheed Martin
Astronautics in Denver, he is now president of his own company, Pioneer
Astronautics, based in Lakeside, Colorado. He holds Masters degrees in
Aeronautics and Astronautics and a doctorate in Nuclear Engineering.
He is the inventor of several unique concepts for
space propulsion and exploration. As a reaction to NASA's 1989 Space Exploration
Initiative, Zubrin proposed a much cheaper and more affordable approach,
Mars Direct, which took advantage of local resources on the planet. NASA
has since then integrated his proposals in it's Design Reference
Zubrin wrote about his ideas about Mars exploration
in great detail in his book, "The Case for Mars - the plan to settle the
Red Planet and why we must". He put down his vision about how mankind could
become a spacefaring civilization in "Entering Space" and also wrote a novel
about the first Mars mission, "First Landing".
Zubrin frequently lectures about Mars, the Mars
Society and Mars Direct. As a former high school science teacher, he knows
how to explain complicated matters to a large audience.
laatste wijziging: 19 september 2002
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